Yellow spots disease (also called "age-related macular degeneration") is one of the main causes of vision loss in people over 50 years old. This disease affects the center of the retinal layer where the nerves and cells that provide vision are located. This central region, called the yellow spot (macula), is the region responsible for colored and sharp vision.
This disease, which progresses slowly in some patients, can sometimes progress very quickly and cause vision loss in both eyes.
AMD does not cause patients to lose their vision of light, but causes them to be unable to do things such as reading books, distinguishing human faces, driving and cooking.
Age: It is the most important risk factor. Although it is seen over the age of 60, it may occur at an earlier age.
Smoking: It has been shown to double the risk of AMD.
Race: It occurs more in caucasians than African and Spanish races.
Family history: Those who have this disease in their family are at higher risk.